KNOW YOUR BODY AT A GLANCE

A. Digestive System:

• Dental formula of adult :I 2/2 C 1/1 PM 2/2 M 3/3=16+16=32 Permanent teeth

• Dental formula of child: I 2/2 C 2/2 PM 1/1 M 0/0= 10+10=20 Milky teeth

• Length of digestive canal 9 9 metre
• Length of large intestine 1.5 1.5 metre
• Length of small intestine 7 metre
• Largest gland liver
• Weight of liver 1.5 kg
• Weight of pancreas 65-160 g.

B. Skeletal System:

• Total no. of bones: 206
• Largest bone: Femur
• Smallest bone: Stapes

C. Muscular system :

• Total no. of Tissue: 639
• Largest tissue: Glutius
• Longest tissue: Sartorius
• Smallest tissue: Stapedius

D. Blood Vascular system:

• Total blood in body: 5.6 litre
• No. of RBC
Male: 50,00,000/ cu mn
Female: 45,00,000/ cu mmn
• No. of WBC: 7,000 10,000/ cu mm
• No. of Platelet: 250,000-500,000/ cu mm
• Total quantity of Haemoglobin in body: 1000 gm
Male: 14-18 gm/ 100 ml blood.
Female: 12-15 gm/ 100 ml blood.
• Blood clotting time: 3.6 minute
• Blood Group: A, B, AB, O
• Universal donor: group O
• Universal recipient: group ‘AB’
• ESR
Male: 0.0-6.5 mm hour
Female: 0.0 15.0 mm hour
• Weight of heart
Male: 300 8
Female: 250 g
• Normal blood pressure: 120/ 80 mm Hg.
• Normal blood sugar: 80 120 mg / 100 cc blood

• Longest aorta: Abdominal aorta
• Longest vein: Inferior venacava.
• Normal pulse rate 72/ minute (average)
During birth 140 min.
1 year age 120 min.
10 years of age 90/minute.
• Blood cholesterol: 150-250 mg / dl.

E. Excretory System:

• Weight of Kidney
Male 125-170 gm.
Female 115-153 gm.
• Length, breadth and thickness of kidney: 11-12 cm, 5-7 cm and 3 cm
• No. of Nephrons in each kidney: 10 Lac.
• Release of urine in whole day: 1000 1800 ml
• Length of renal tube: 35-50 mm.

F. Nervous system:


• Weight of Brain: 1.36 kg
• Weight of pituitary gland: 0.5 gm
• Length of spinal cord: 42-45 am
• No. of Cranial nerve: 12 pairs
• No. of spinal nerve: 31 pairs
• Largest nerve: Sciatic nerve
• Longest cell in body: Nerve cell

G. Miscellaneous:

• Largest endocrinal gland: Thyroid
• Largest digestive gland: Liver
• Largest lymph gland: Spleen
• Smallest digestive gland: Oxyntic gland (unicellular)
• Smallest endocrinal gland: Pineal body
• Most thin skin: Conjunctiva
• Normal body temperature: 98.59F (37°C)
• Normal rate of respiration:
During birth: 40-60/ min
5 years of age: 24-26/ min
15 years of age: 20-22 min
Mature: 14-18/ min
• BMR (in on the basis of kcal)
Male 1000-2000 kcal / day
Female 1000-1700 kcal / day.
BMR (on the basis of body weight in male): 40 kcal / kg/ m* / hr
BMR (on the basis of body suface area in female) 37 kcal / m / hr
• Duration of menstrual cycle of female 28 days